p>As the housing market continues its fitful journey back to stability after the crash of 2008, many industry watchers believed that the bad old days of the housing “bubble” that led to the collapse were gone for good. But now, as housing prices continue to spiral upward in many markets, those financial and real estate experts are voicing concern that another version of that bubble could be on the way, creating conditions for another collapse that would affect not just the housing market but the nation’s economy as a whole.
Historically, housing prices tend to rise a relatively modest three to four percent per year. But in the years leading up to the crisis of 2008, prices were rising much higher – and faster – than that in most major markets. In 2002, over 5 years before the crisis, housing prices rose around seven percent. Those increases led the way for what was to follow – eight percent in 2004, and by 2005. 12 percent – about three times the historic average.
That kind of leap in housing prices hadn’t been seen since the mid 1970s. Housing was hot in the early years of the new century, and subprime mortgages were putting unprecedented numbers of new owners into homes that they couldn’t sustain. But in 2007, the bubble had burst, with prices falling everywhere for the first time ever and large numbers of subprime mortgage holders losing their homes to foreclosure.
After a rocky road back, a road littered with foreclosed homes, depressed markets and limited new home construction, the housing market – consisting of the numerous markets large and small that together create a nationwide profile of the housing industry – appeared to be stabilizing. Mortgage lending practices were better regulated, new home construction was up, and the flood of foreclosures had slowed. Housing prices began to rise again.
And rise, and rise. In Phoenix, for example, housing prices are up 25 percent over last year Though prices are still lower than they were at the peak of the bubble, the selling prices of homes in most major markets has surged upward in the past year or so. The rise in prices relates in some markets to foreclosures, which are still coming on the market as actions initiated during and
after the collapse are still being processed. In other areas, foreclosures make up only a fraction of the homes being sold.
In some ways, this rapid rise in housing prices is due to large investors and investment groups that are buying up quantities of available properties for rentals. But, some experts rear, these investors may be tempted to take advantage of the rise in prices and flip those homes before a downturn – or worse,
a crash. If that happens, there may not be enough qualified homebuyers –either residential buyers or individual investors following Jason Hartnam's guidelines – to keep these properties moving.
Right now, inventories are low, and the rise in home prices also indicates increasing consumer confidence in housing. These rising prices have helped some struggling homeowners. As long as the inventory of available houses keeps moving and prices rise incrementally, this mini-bubble may still have room to grow. (Top Image: Flickr/EddieB)
The American Monetary Association Team